Some information about Clay soil
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The biggest problem with clay soil is that it gets waterlogged and this can slow the growth of plants and even cause the roots to rot. Clay soil is heavy to dig and slow to warm up in spring. But these problems are outweighed by the potential clay soil has to be the foundation for a wide range of plants.
Clay soils can have great potential when worked correctly and planted to appropriate crops. Montmorillonite-smectite expands and contracts the most, while kaolinite is the hard and dead clay. Various combinations of these give different qualities to the soil. Montmorillonite is the best as it mainly contributes to movement to the soil, which is almost like self-cultivation. A hard clod will become soft and crumbly after wetting and drying. It forgives bad cultivation practices but is hard to work with, as all clays are. Some of the particles in clay are smaller than several bacteria. Montmorillonite could contain up to 60 different minerals.
Clay soils will settle into layers of fine sediment that feel like gloppy mud, and the water will take few hours to clear. The clayey soil mainly consists of very fine particles of clay. Its water holding capacity is very high. Wet clay soil is sticky. It contains little air. The size of soil particles in clay size is less than 0.2mm and clayey soil is rich in organic matter.
Clay soil is a heavy soil type that advantages from high nutrients. Clay soils remain wet and cold in winter and dry out in the summer season. These soils are made of over 25 percent clay, and because of the spaces found between clay particles, these soils hold a high amount of water. Because these soils drain very slowly and take longer to warm up in summer, combined with drying out and cracking in summer, they can often test gardeners.