What is agrotechnical methods in agriculture
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Crop rotations are an effective technique that limits the accumulation of pests, pathogens and weeds in crops. This method is effective in relation to those pests that are tied to certain cultures in their development. For example, grain ground beetle, bur yak aphid, Colorado potato beetle, sunflower broomrape.
Proper crop alternation in crop rotation and timely harvesting reduces weed growth. By combining preventive and destructive measures, it is possible to maximally clear the field of seeds and vegetative organs of weeds.
The method of provocation and strangulation consists of two stages. At the first stage, the peeling of stubble is done by disc or flat-cutting tools to the depth of the rhizomes of perennial weeds. Damage triggers germination of the kidneys. When shoots become visible above the ground, deep plowing is carried out. Weeds deplete the supply of useful substances and can no longer get to the surface, after which they die.
The main task of this method is the creation of the most favourable growth conditions for cultivated plants and the suppression of weed growth. Timely harvesting and destruction of crop residues prevent the reproduction of pests and parasites.
All types of soil treatment lead to the destruction of weeds, their seeds and vegetative reproductive organs remaining in the soil.
Agrotechnology focuses on technological processes used in agriculture, to create an understanding of how processes, equipment and structures are used with people, soil, plants, animals and their products, to sustain and maintain quality of life and to promote economic, aesthetic and sound cultural values.