What is mixed farming method?
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Modern Mixed Cropping:
Agronomists studying mixed crops have had mixed results determining if yield differences can be achieved with mixed versus monoculture crops. (For example, the combination of wheat and chickpeas might work in one part of the world but might fail in another.) Overall, however, it appears that measurably good outcomes result when the right combination is cropped together.
Mixed cropping is best suited for small-scale farming where harvesting is done by hand. The process has been successfully employed to improve income and food production for small farmers and lessen the likelihood of total crop failure because even if one crop fails, others in the field might still produce. Mixed cropping also requires fewer nutrient inputs such as fertilizers, pruning, pest control, and irrigation than monoculture farming, and as is often more cost-effective as a result.
Classic Mixed Cropping: Three Sisters
The classic example of mixed cropping is that of the American three sisters: maize, beans, and cucurbits (squash and pumpkins). The three sisters were domesticated at different times but eventually, they were combined to form an important component of Native American agriculture and cuisine. The mixed cropping of the three sisters, historically documented by the Seneca and Iroquois tribes in the U.S. northeast, probably began sometime after 1000 C.E.
Mixed Cropping in Prehistory
Planting enormous fields with single crops—monocultural agriculture—is a recent invention of the industrial agricultural complex. While unequivocal archaeological evidence is difficult to come by, it’s believed that most agricultural field systems in the past involved some form of mixed cropping. That’s because even if botanical evidence of plant residues (such as starches or phytoliths) of multiple crops are discovered in an ancient field, it’s proven difficult to know they are the result of mixed cropping or rotation cropping.
Mixed farming is a type of farming which involves both the growing of crops and the raising of livestock.For example, a mixed farm may grow cereal crops such as wheat or rye and also keep cattle, sheep, pigs or poultry. Often the dung from the cattle serves to fertilize the cereal crops.