What is the Mechanical methods in agriculture
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Mechanical and physical controls kill a pest directly or make the environment unsuitable for it. For example, traps – for pest animals and insects; mulches – for weed management; steam sterilization – for soil disease management; or barriers – such as screens or fences to keep animals and insects out.
Mechanical, physical and cultural control of pests, weeds and diseases (pests) are an integral part of a successful Integrated Pest Management plan.
Cultural controls are practices that reduce pest establishment, reproduction, dispersal, and survival. For example, crop rotation – replacing a susceptible crop with a less susceptible crop; and changing irrigation practices – less watering can reduce root disease and weeds.
As the name implies, this method involves the use of various traps and other mechanical obstacles to pests. For example, these are mousetraps or glue rings on plant trunks. Or even manual assembly and destruction of insects.
Mechanical pest control is the management and control of pests using physical means such as fences, barriers or electronic wires. It includes also weeding and change of temperature to control pests. Many farmers at the moment are trying to find sustainable ways to remove pests without harming the ecosystem.