What is the role of water in agriculture?
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Water is essential for the germination of seeds, growth of plant roots, and nutrition and multiplication of soil organism. Water is essential in hydraulic process in the plant. It helps in the conversion of starch to sugar.
The use of agricultural water makes it possible to grow fruits and vegetables and raise livestock, which is a main part of our diet. Agricultural water is used for irrigation, pesticide and fertilizer applications , crop cooling (for example, light irrigation), and frost control.
Effective and safe uses of water in agriculture result in good crop yields and livestock production. But poor quality of water can have a significant negative impact on crop growing, animal welfare and health, and, ultimately, economic performance.
Contaminants in agricultural water can be damaging to quality of plant crops, to milk yields, and to the health and longevity of animal herds.
The main risk comes from bacteria, which form in biofilms on agricultural water supplies.